Learning Outcomes
After completing this chapter, you should have the ability to:

  • Define scotoma and identify areas where scotomas may be keeping the student from being
    more successful
  • Provide an example that illustrates the difference between perception and truth;
  • List words that trigger one’s own self-talk
  • Describe past events that may be conditioning current thoughts and actions and list beliefs that
    have been “locked-on” to as a result of this conditioning
  • Explain the importance of the reticular activating system (RAS)
  • Select a key life goal and describe how the RAS can be used effectively to help achieve that
  • Distinguish between the functions of the conscious, the subconscious and the creative
  • Provide personal examples of the “garbage-in/garbage-out” concept
  • Describe ways that the student may be subconsciously sabotaging success or allowing others
    to do so
  • List personal habits that currently help or hinder daily living
  • Identify personal situations where a more constructive attitude is needed
  • Give an example of self-talk and explain why it is important to keep self-talk and conversation
    with others positive and uplifting
  • Explain the I x V = R formula
  • List the three types of thoughts that lead to paralysis of will and describe how one can escape
    the downward spiral
  • Provide a personal example of a “comfort zone”
  • Describe the elements of the self-talk cycle
  • Define and give an example of forethought
  • Identify characteristics that people with high and low self-esteem display
  • Explain why it is important to keep setting new goals
  • Describe the feedback loop and explain why it is important to consider change. Identify
    important goals for the areas on one’s balance wheel and write personal affirmations to
    accomplish these goals